Haitians have had a presence in this country since its founding, but the largest group of immigrants came to the United States in the 1990s, fleeing political unrest and economic misery. Haiti and its and so-called boat people have been in the headlines for decades, and this reference firmly puts reasons for legal and illegal immigration into historical perspective. Students and other readers will learn about Haiti's history, economy, and culture, which continue to resonate with immigrants. The narrative also focuses on contemporary settlement patterns, major Haitian American communities, immigrants' interactions with other groups, and the impact Haitian Americans have made, and more. This is the most thorough, up-to-date reference on Haitian Americans today. The author, a Haitian immigrant, has conducted fieldwork in various cities that have large Haitian American populations. The obstacles faced and achievements made show how they contribute to American society. Numerous biographical profiles of noted Haitian Americans and photos accompany the text.