Education privatization is a global phenomenon that crystallizes in countries with very different cultural, political, and economic backgrounds. In this book, the authors examine how privatization policies are being adopted and why so many countries are engaging in this type of education reform. The authors explore the contexts, key personnel, and policy initiatives that explain the worldwide advance of the private sector in education, and identify six different paths toward education privatization- as a drastic state sector reform (e.g., Chile, the U.K.), as an incremental reform (e.g., the U.S.A.), in social-democratic welfare states, historical public-private partnerships (e.g., Netherlands, Spain), de facto privatization in low-income countries, and privatization via disaster. Book Features: * The first comprehensive, in-depth investigation of the political economy of education privatization at a global scale. * An analysis of the different strategies, discourses, and agents that have contributed to advancing (and resisting) education privatization trends. * An examination of the role of private corporations, policy entrepreneurs, philanthropic organizations, think-tanks, and teacher unions.